Shoulder Impingement Explained - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner MD
Subacromial impingement syndrome is the most common shoulder complaint in orthopedic clinics (44–65%) and the most frequent cause of shoulder pain in over-arm athletes
Subacromial impingement problems are particularly common, most especially with those who participate in throwing or racket sports, but also as a result of work related trauma and overuse.
Compression of the narrow subacromial space on the top of the shoulder between the head of the humerus and the acromion of the scapula results in local pain and loss of coordination in the rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder.
Tissue trauma associated with it includes damage to the glenoid labrum, the tendon of the long head of biceps brachii and the subacromial bursa.
Dysfunction and damage in the muscles of the rotator cuff can cause the humeral head to displace upward during elevation of the arm, leading to irritation of structures in the subacromial space such as the supraspinatus tendon and subacromial bursa.
Cause of injury
Repeated overhead movements as in tennis, swimming, golf, weightlifting and house-painting. Irritation of the rotator cuff due to throwing sports including baseball. Underlying predisposition, including rheumatoid arthritis.
Signs and symptoms
Shoulder pain and difficulty raising the arm in the air. Pain during sleep when the injured arm is rolled on. Pain during rotational movements such as reaching into a back pocket.
Complications if left unattended
Increasing stiffness of the joint and further loss of motion may result should impingement be ignored. Rotator cuff tendons may be torn should athletic activity be undertaken prior to full recovery.
Tendinitis and bursitis frequently develop with impingement as a pre-condition. This may be related to trigger point formation (see below).
Rehabilitation and prevention
Following a period of healing, various forms of manual therapy and trigger point therapy may be used to help restore strength and range of motion in the affected rotator cuff, and to accelerate healing.
Avoiding or limiting repetitive motions that cause rotator cuff irritation may help prevent the injury. Strengthening exercises and light-weight training to strengthen the muscles of the rotator cuff are also useful preventive measures.
Typically, the condition shows marked improvement within 6–12 weeks. However, trigger points will often form on the rotator cuff muscles as part of the body's self-protection mechanism.
Where left untreated, these trigger points may actually cause the condition to reoccur or lead to other shoulder complications.
Impingement often results in the formation of trigger points in the rotator cuff muscles, which remain for some time even after the impingement has cleared.
Trigger points can occur quite quickly, with causes ranging from the ball of the joint being pressed on to the cuff tendon through sleeping awkwardly, to a tweak to the tendon during an overhead shot in badminton.
Actions such as these can cause a small amount of swelling and pain, which can cause temporary muscle inhibition in order to protect the shoulder, increasing the risk of further injury from a change in the abduction cycle.
NAT Online Trigger Point Courses:
This trigger point therapy blog is intended to be used for information purposes only and is not intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or to substitute for a medical diagnosis and/or treatment rendered or prescribed by a physician or competent healthcare professional. This information is designed as educational material, but should not be taken as a recommendation for treatment of any particular person or patient. Always consult your physician if you think you need treatment or if you feel unwell.
- Levator Scapulae Trigger Points - Treatment
Treating Levator Scapulae Trigger Points Ischemic Compression Technique Almost all neck pain is associated wi...
- Trigger Point Therapy - Treating The Hamstrings
Treating Hamstring Tightness and Trigger Points The hamstrings are amongst the most overworked muscles in...
- Lower Back Pain - An Overview of the Key Muscles Involved
Treating QL Trigger Points - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner MD Most cases of lower back pain are associated with my...
- Effective Cupping for ITB
ITB Syndrome - Vacuum Cupping Treatment Links Find a Trigger Point Professional in your area More Articles Abou...
- Trigger Point Therapy - Treating the Scalenes
Treating Scalenes Trigger Points - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner Treating scalenes trigger points can bring fast relief ...
- Common Painful Conditions that can be addressed with Trigger Point Therapy
How Often To Treat Trigger Points? What are the most common chronic pain syndromes that respond well to trigger...
- Trigger Point Therapy - Multifidus / Rotatores
Treating Trigger Points in Multifidi - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner Trigger Points in Multifidi may be the cause of a...
- Trigger Point Therapy - 5 Great Shoulder Stretches
How to Stretch Supraspinatus - Dr. Johnathan Kuttner Simple Shoulder Stretches Here are 5 other shoulder...
- Trigger Point Therapy - Treating Pectoralis Major
Pectoralis Major Trigger Points - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner M.D. Most therapists could keep themselves busy full t...
- When Stretching Isn't Enough - Treating Hypertonic Muscles
Treating hypertonic muscles in athletes is a vital step in helping to avoid the development of trigger points ...
Share this post