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Trigger Point Therapy - Treating the Diaphragm

Posted by Judith Winer on

Diaphragm Trigger Points
Diaphragm - Common Trigger Point Sites



[Greek dia, across; phragma, partition, wall]

See also: Diaphragm and Breathing


Back of xiphoid process (lower tip of sternum). Lower six ribs and their costal cartilages. Upper two or three lumbar vertebrae (L1–L3).


All fibers converge and attach onto a central tendon, i.e. this muscle inserts upon itself.


Forms floor of thoracic cavity. Pulls its central tendon downward during inhalation, thereby increasing volume of thoracic cavity.


Phrenic nerve (ventral rami), C3, 4, 5.


Produces about 60% of the breathing capacity.


Diaphragm Trigger Point Pain Map

Diaphragm - Typical Referred Pain Patterns



“Stitch” pain on running, heart/lung issues, anxiety and hyperventilation syndrome, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).


Asthma, pregnancy (abortion), emotional overload, disc problems in the lower back, running, occupational positions, trauma, weak abdominals, abdominal surgery, anxiety and hyperventilation syndrome, smoking, slumped postures.


Serratus anterior, intercostals, upper part rectus abdominis, arcuate ligaments, obliques.


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This trigger point therapy blog is intended to be used for information purposes only and is not intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or to substitute for a medical diagnosis and/or treatment rendered or prescribed by a physician or competent healthcare professional. This information is designed as educational material, but should not be taken as a recommendation for treatment of any particular person or patient. Always consult your physician if you think you need treatment or if you feel unwell. 









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