Menu
Cart 0

Trigger Point Therapy | Treating Soleus | Injury Assessment | Self Help Tips

Posted by Judith Winer on

Gastrocnemius soleus trigger point release

From a dynamic postural viewpoint, the soleus prevents the body falling forward at the ankle joint during standing

In gait, the muscle eccentrically decelerates subtalar joint pronation and internal rotation of the lower leg at heel-strike. It also decelerates dorsi flexion of the foot.

Spasm or myofascial trigger points in the soleus can be the origin of achilles pain, tight hamstrings, lower back pain, night cramp, and even headaches.

The soleus typically refers pain into the posterior aspect and plantar surface of the heel and to the distal end of the Achilles tendon.

A rare myofascial trigger point spreads pain to the ipsilateral sacroiliac joint, and can also refer pain to the jaw in extreme cases.

 

 

  

 

Anatomy

Part of the triceps surae. The soleus is so called because its shape resembles a fish. The calcaneal tendon of the soleus and gastrocnemius is the thickest and strongest tendon in the body.

Origin

Posterior surfaces of head of bula and upper third of body of bula. Soleal line and middle third of medial border of tibia. Tendinous arch between tibia and bula.

Insertion

With tendon of gastrocnemius into posterior surface of calcaneus.

  

 

Soleus Trigger Points

Soleus  - Common Trigger Point Sites

 

Action

Plantar flexes ankle joint. Frequently in contraction during standing, to prevent body falling forward at ankle joint, i.e. to offset line of pull through body’s center of gravity, thus helping to maintain upright posture. Antagonist: tibialis anterior.

Nerve

Tibial nerve, L5, S1, 2. BASIC FUNCTIONAL

Movement

Example: standing on tiptoes.

 

 

Soleus Trigger Points

Soleus Trigger Points - Common Referred Pain Patterns

 

 

 

Trigger point referred pain patterns

Pain in distal Achilles tendon and heel to posterior half of foot. Calf pain from knee to just above Achilles tendon origin. 4–5 cm zone of pain in ipsilateral sacroiliac region (rare).

Indications

Calf/heel/posterior knee pain, chronic/long-term use of high-heeled shoes, planter fasciitis, chronic calf shortening, calf pain walking stairs, low back pain, leg cramps.

Causes

Post-fracture splinting, poor orthotics, prolonged driving, sports (e.g. running, soccer, cycling, climbing, skiing, rowing machine), footwear (high heels), PSLE, occupational standing, direct blow/ trauma, pressure on calf.

Differential Diagnosis

Achilles tendonitis. Compartment syndrome. Vascular disease.
Heel spur. Fasciitis. Subtalar
joint problems. Venous pump mechanisms. Tendon rupture. Baker’s cyst. Shin splints. Stress fracture. Leg length discrepancy.

Connections

Popliteus, gastrocnemius, tibialis posterior, quadratus plantae (of foot), abductor hallucis (of foot), piriformis, occasionally to jaw.

 

 

 

 

Soleus Trigger Point Release Self Help

You probably won't be able to reach the trigger point with a tennis ball but massage to the area with a tennis ball might help

 

 

 

 

Soleus Trigger Point Release Self Help

Soleus Trigger Points can be self treated but the muscle is deep and pressure tools should not be used without instruction from a professional. 

 

 

 

 

Soleus Trigger Points - Stretching

 

Soleus Trigger Point Release Self Help

Stretching can be useful and there are many simple stretching exercises for the soleus that anyone can perform at home without special equipment

 

 

 

Self Help

Self-massage techniques can be helpful; you can even use the opposite knee. Balls and pressure tools may be used but not by the novice, as the muscle is deep and there are many superficial and deep veins in the area.

Stretching is excellent for disabling trigger points in the calf muscles. Use of foam rollers can be effective.

General Advice

Change footwear. Change and vary running techniques/running surface. Change/avoid high-heeled shoes. Regular stretching. Leg rests at home and at work. Use of cold. Massage after sports, with warm up before and cool down after. Posture.

 

 

Links

Treating Gastrocnemius

Dry Needling for Trigger Points

NAT Professional Courses

Certify as a Trigger Point Therapist

Membership Plans

 

 

 

 

NAT Trigger Point Therapy Diploma

Trigger Point Therapy Diploma Course

Click for Details

 

 

 

 

Niel Asher Web Health Award 2020 

 

 

 

EDUCATION MEMBERSHIP PLANS

UNLIMITED ACCESS

FROM $19.95/monthly

 

 

 

Clinical Reasoning Online Course

Clinical Reasoning and Assessment for Manual Therapists

Click for Details

 

 

 

 


Share this post



← Older Post Newer Post →


Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published.

Words from our students

Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out