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Trigger Point Therapy - Intrinsic Hand Muscles

Posted by Team NAT on

 

Treating the Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner

 

Painful conditions of the hands are on the increase. This is at least partly attributed to the rapid spread of hand-held devices such as smart-phones and tablets.

A painful thumb, fingers or hand can be pretty uncomfortable and debilitating and clients often assume that they are suffering from some form of arthritis or the well-known carpal tunnel syndrome.

In fact, many of these cases are related to trigger points that can be quite easily treated.

 

Adductor and Opponens Pollicis Trigger Points

Common Trigger Point Sites - Adductor Pollicis (A), Opponens Pollicis (B)

 

 

About these Muscles 

Adductor: Brings thumb back to palm from abduction. Opponens: Draws the thumb towards the fingers so that the thumb tip can touch any fingertip.

 

Opponens Pollicis Trigger Points

Trigger Points in these muscles can usually be treated quite easily - pressure tools are recommended.

 

Trigger Points

Trigger points in these small muscles of the hand cause their characteristic pain patterns (see illustrations below), along with clumsiness of the thumb, and a great deal of misunderstanding concerning the attention and care of the owner of that thumb.

The ability to catch, grip and pinch may be compromised or lost. Tasks requiring agility and control—such as buttoning, writing, typing, and operating machinery—become difficult and frustrating because of muscle weakness and loss of fine motor control.

It's worth noting that that the opponens muscle itself is often free of pain, yet that area must be treated.

The three muscles that make up the thenar eminence are tightly bound together by fascia, and that fascia is tough.

The opponens pollicis is covered by the abductor pollicis brevis and often partially fused with the flexor pollicis brevis.

Palpation of the opponens pollicis is difficult, but don’t be dismayed—you can treat them all at once!

Notable Perpetuating Factors

Any pincer-type motion, such as weeding, sewing, opening jars, writing, texting, video gaming, computer keyboarding, or handcrafting, and any task involving excessive or repeated thumb pressure.

 

Adductor Pollicis Trigger Points

Adductor Policis - Typical Pain Pattern

 

Opponens Pollicis Trigger Points

Opponens Policis - Typical Pain Pattern

 

General Advice for Patients

Avoid rotational stress to the wrist such as that caused by repetitive use of a screwdriver. Pace tasks that use similar motions. Use the opposite hand when possible, and modify, delegate, or delete tasks when life allows.

Avoid persistent grasping and pulling motions such as vigorous weeding or even use of your mobile phone. Try switching hands when using and operating your mobile or tablet device.

Not that anyone seems to do too much writing nowadays, but if you do, use a soft tipped pen for writing, and take regular breaks. These trigger points will respond well to stretching, manual therapy, and the use of pressure tools can be very effective. 

General Advice for Therapists and Care Providers

In many cases opponens trigger points are be mistaken for carpal tunnel syndrome, de Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis, or arthritis.

These trigger points are especially common in clients who have previously suffered from a fracture.

Stretching, especially spray and stretch can be very effective (see below).

 

Stretch for Trigger Points

Opponens Pollicis Trigger Points - use one hand to stretch the opposite thumb. This is a recommended general stretch for anyone working with their hands.

 

Stretching

A simple self-stretch for the opponens pollicis can be done using one hand to stretch the opposite thumb.

Keep the fingers of the involved hand flat, and stretch the involved thumb gently through range of motion until you feel the first sense of bind then return to start and repeat.

An easy self-stretch for the adductor pollicis involves filling a basin with moderately warm water and pressing the hand palm down with thumb and index finger widely spread on the bottom of the filled basin.

As with all stretching, the idea is to avoid unduly stressing the tissues while encouraging normal range of motion.

 

Links

Find a Trigger Point Professional in your area

Trigger Point Therapy Workbooks

Dry Needling for Trigger Points

NAT Professional Courses

Certify as a Trigger Point Therapist

Trigger Point Workbooks 

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Established in the United Kingdom in 1999, we provide course and distance learning material for therapists and other healthcare professionals in over 40 countries.

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NAMTPT AWARD 2017

We are honored to have received the 2017 "Excellence in Education" Award from the National Association of Myofascial Trigger Point Therapists.

Since 1999 Niel Asher Education has won numerous awards for education and in particular for education and services provided in the field of trigger point therapy.

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Niel Asher Healthcare course instructors have won a host of prestigious awards including 2 lifetime achievement honorees - Stuart Hinds, Lifetime Achievement Honoree, AAMT, 2015, and Dr. Jonathan Kuttner, MD, Lifetime Achievement Honoree, NAMTPT, 2014.

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There are currently 3 levels of NAT certification. Certifying NAT is a valuable way to show your clients that you take continued education seriously, and to promote your skills and qualifications.

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Since 1999 the Niel Asher Technique for treating trigger points has been adopted by over 100,000 therapists worldwide, and has been applied to the treatment of a number of common musculoskeletal injuries.

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This trigger point therapy blog is intended to be used for information purposes only and is not intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or to substitute for a medical diagnosis and/or treatment rendered or prescribed by a physician or competent healthcare professional. This information is designed as educational material, but should not be taken as a recommendation for treatment of any particular person or patient. Always consult your physician if you think you need treatment or if you feel unwell. 

 

  

   

 

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  • Thank you for posting this information. I have been diagnosed with both dem quervains and carpal tunnel by 2 diffrent general practitioners however my pain seems to stem from the trigger points you have mentioned. Thank you for pointing out that the opponens pollicis injury is often mistaken for these other symptoms. The stretch you show on this page also have helped me very much. Thanks again.

    Kyle Hopkins on

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