Menu
Cart 0

Trigger Point Therapy - Serratus Anterior

Posted by Judith Winer on

Serratus Anterior Trigger Points

Serratus Anterior

 

The serratus anterior eccentrically decelerates adduction and medial rotation of the inferior angle of the scapula.

Actions will change, depending on the origin or insertion being fixed. With the arm static, movement occurs at the ribcage, accelerating or decelerating the ribs as required (e.g. forced exhalation).

Pain will be experienced on the side of the ribcage, traveling into the armpit and posteriorly to the medial aspect of the inferior angle of the scapula. Pain is often mistaken for C8 nerve problems, as pain is referred down the inside of the arm into the palm, fifth digit (little finger), and fourth digit. As this muscle has many digitations, careful assessment is required in order to locate active central myofascial trigger points.

Anatomy

The serratus anterior forms the medial wall of the axilla, along with the upper five ribs. It is a large muscle composed of a series of finger-like slips. The lower slips interdigitate with the origin of the external oblique.

Origin

Outer surfaces and superior borders of upper eight or nine ribs, and fascia covering their intercostal spaces.

Insertion

Anterior (costal) surface of medial border of scapula and inferior angle of scapula.

Action

Rotates scapula for abduction and flexion of arm. Protracts scapula (pulls it forward on chest wall and holds it closely to chest wall), facilitating pushing movements such as push-ups or punching. Antagonists: rhomboids, trapezius.

Nerve

Long thoracic nerve, C5, 6, 7, 8.

Note: A lesion of the long thoracic nerve will result in the medial border of the scapula falling away from the posterior chest wall, resulting in a “winged scapula” (resembling an angel’s wing). A weak muscle will also produce a winged scapula, especially when holding a weight in front of the body.

Basic Functional Movement

Example: reaching forward for something barely within reach.

 

Serratus Anterior Trigger Points

Serratus Anterior - Common Trigger Point Sites

 

Trigger Point Referred Pain Patterns

Local: where each digitation attaches to rib.
Central: rib (6–8), localized pain, radiating anteriorly and posteriorly in a 5–10 cm patch. Pain inferior angle of scapula. Pain in ulnar aspect of upper extremity.

Indications

Chest pain which does not abate with rest, breast pain and sensitivity, panic attacks, dyspnea, chronic cough, asthma, renal tubular acidosis, scapula winging, chronic “stitch” on running, stress, “stitch” in the side of rib cage, pain on deep breathing, breast sensitivity, heart attack-type pain.

Causes

Severe coughing attack (maybe correlated with emphysema), overuse in sports (e.g. tennis, swimming, boxing, pull-ups and push-ups, weight lifting, gymnastics), prolonged lifting of large heavy objects, anxiety.

Differential Diagnosis

T7/T8 intercostal nerve entrapment. Herpes zoster. Local vertebral alignment. Rib lesions. Breast pathologies. Reflex-sympathetic dystrophy.

Connections

Pectoralis major, SCM, scalenus medius, trapezius, rhomboids, diaphragm, external oblique.

Self Help

Self-massage techniques can be very helpful; especially balls and pressure tools.

Advice

Avoid cars with heavy steering. Take care with weight training, especially push-ups and bench presses. Avoid stress. Try meditation/relaxation.

 

Serratus Anterior Trigger Points

Self Massage - Balls or Pressure Tools

 

Trigger Point Treatment Techniques

Spray and Stretch YES
Deep Stroking Massage YES
Compression YES
Muscle Energy Techniques YES
Positional Release YES
Dry Needling YES
Wet Needling YES

  

Find a Trigger Point Professional in your area

Recent Blogs and Articles 

Latest Home Study Courses

Combo Deals

Special Offers

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

This trigger point therapy blog is intended to be used for information purposes only and is not intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or to substitute for a medical diagnosis and/or treatment rendered or prescribed by a physician or competent healthcare professional. This information is designed as educational material, but should not be taken as a recommendation for treatment of any particular person or patient. Always consult your physician if you think you need treatment or if you feel unwell. 

  


Share this post



← Older Post Newer Post →


Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published.

Sale

Unavailable

Sold Out