Treating Peroneus Trigger Points - Dr. Jonathan Kuttner
Trigger points in the Fibularis/Peroneus muscles of the lower leg are a common, but often over-looked, source of ankle pain and weakness
Anyone who suffers from frequent and reoccurring ankle sprains is likely to have trigger points in these muscles.
FIBULARIS - ANATOMY
The course of the tendon of the insertion of the fibularis longus helps maintain the transverse and lateral longitudinal arches of the foot.
A slip of muscle from the fibularis brevis often joins the long extensor tendon of the little toe, whereupon it is known as peroneus digiti minimi.
The fibularis tertius is a partially separated lower lateral part of the extensor digitorum longus.
Longus: upper two-thirds of lateral surface of fibula. Lateral condyle of tibia.
Brevis: lower two-thirds of lateral surface of fibula. Adjacent intermuscular septa.
Tertius: lower third of anterior surface of fibula and interosseous membrane.
Longus: lateral side of medial cuneiform. Base of 1st metatarsal. Brevis: lateral side of base of 5th metatarsal.
Tertius: dorsal surface of base of 5th metatarsal.
Longus: everts foot. Assists plantar flexion of ankle joint. Antagonist: tibialis anterior.
Brevis: everts ankle joint.
Tertius: dorsi flexes ankle joint. Everts foot.
Fibular (peroneal) nerve, L4, 5, S1.
BASIC FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT
Examples: walking and running; walking on uneven surfaces.
TRIGGER POINT REFERRED PAIN PATTERNS
Mainly over lateral malleolus, anteriorly and posteriorly in a linear distribution. Laterally along foot, occasionally vague pain in middle third of lateral aspect of lower leg.
Fibularis - Trigger Point Referred Pain Pattern
Fibularis - Trigger Point Referred Pain Pattern
Pronation of feet, repetitive inversion/eversion injury, tenderness around malleolus, ankle weakness, post-fracture (and casting) rehabilitation, foot problems (e.g. calluses, verrucae, neuromas), osteoarthritis of toes, metatarsalgia, ankle stiffness, lateral compartment syndrome.
Direct trauma, post-fracture, twisted ankle, ill-FItting boots/shoes, poor orthotics, walking on uneven surfaces, splinting (cast), sports (e.g. running, soccer, cycling, climbing, swimming), footwear (high heels), tight socks, prolonged crossed legs, sleeping on stomach with pointed toes.
Fibularis - Common Trigger Point Sites
Rupture. Fracture of foot. Fracture of 1st metatarsal (styloid process). Foot problems. Fibular head dysfunction (common peroneal nerve). Toe problems. Ankle problems (arthritis). Gait dysfunction. Compartment syn- dromes (lateral). Osteoarthritis of hip.
TFL, gluteus minimus, extensor digitorum longus/brevis, extensor hallucis brevis.
COMMONLY APPLIED TREATMENT TECHNIQUES
|Deep Stroking Massage||Yes|
|Spray and Stretch||Yes|
Self-massage techniques can be helpful. Balls and pressure tools may be used, as the muscles are superficial.
GENERAL ADVICE TO CLIENTS
Avoid high-heeled/ at shoes. Regular stretching with hot and/or cold. Strapping/ankle support. Use of heel wedges and/or orthotics. Posture and gait advice. Examine shoes.
This trigger point therapy blog is intended to be used for information purposes only and is not intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment or to substitute for a medical diagnosis and/or treatment rendered or prescribed by a physician or competent healthcare professional. This information is designed as educational material, but should not be taken as a recommendation for treatment of any particular person or patient. Always consult your physician if you think you need treatment or if you feel unwell.
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